The Rohingya Muslims, originally inhabitants of the Rakhine State in Myanmar have been targets of the State for a long time (Mohajan, 2018). The Buddhist majority State has committed grave atrocities such as mass killings, persecutions and sexual assaults of the Rohingya Muslims (Albert & Maizland, 2020). The violence first surfaced in 2012 and later intensified in 2017-18 (Albert & Maizland, 2020). Since then, millions of Rohingya Muslims have sought refuge in neighbouring States of Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia (Albert & Maizland, 2020). They have also been called the “most persecuted minority in the world” by the United Nations (Human Rights Council, 2017; UNHCR, n.d.).
Trapped in the misery of persecution leading to statelessness and abandonment, the hardship of the Rohingya Muslims has worsened after fleeing to India. The further victimization of Rohingya refugees in India is on the ground of religion. Religious right-wing Hindutva trolls have accused Rohingyas to be an agent of Islamic terrorism and have been accused of carrying out militant attacks in parts of India (Chaudhury, 2018). Hindu right-wing media houses such as OpIndi and OneIndia have drawn elaborate conspiracy theories to link Rohingya involvement with the ISIS, Lashkar-e-Taiba. The generalized criminalisation of Rohingya Refugees as ‘terrorist’ is clearly caused due to their religion affiliation as Muslims. In the current report we focus on data surrounding the arrival of the Rohingya Refugees in India and the subsequent approach of the Indian government. The report also looks at India’s obligations under International Law to protect Rohingya Refugees and highlights how through Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA), Indian government has ignored its international responsibility of protection.